Critical Pedagogy for Music Education developed by Frank Abrahams
- National Standards for Music Education provide the guideposts for curriculum content.
- The Kodály method is an effective pedagogy for building musicianship skills.
- General music instruction is best sequenced in four sections-- Exposition, Development, Improvisation, and Recapitulation.
- Critical pedagogy is an appropriate strategy for general music instruction. Critical Pedagogy for Music Education (CPME) is a view of music education that centers on students being musicians. The teaching activities break down the barriers that separate the music students hear in the classroom from the music they prefer in their world outside. When these barriers disappear, students and their teacher are changed. Music learning occurs when they “know that they know.” The CPME term for this inner knowing is conscientization.