Critical Pedagogy for Music Education developed by Frank Abrahams
- Skillful music teaching is grounded in research.
- Music education is a partnership—teachers with students and students with teachers.
- Students possess individual learning styles and therefore learn music in diverse ways.
- Teachers possess individual teaching styles and therefore present musical experiences in diverse ways.
- Students have individual aptitudes and potentials in music.
- Teachers have individual aptitudes and potentials in music. These strengths are manifested in their teaching.
- Students learn best when they solve problems, think critically, feel critically, act critically and construct meaning on their own.
- Students remember when they learn independently and ground their learning in personal experience.
- Students should become capable of learning on their own. As a result of meaningful music instruction, students and their teachers should be able to engage verbally and musically in substantive conversation.